Comparative Analysis of Shear Strength Parallel to Fiber Of Different Local Bamboo Species in the Philippines
Brian Bautista, De La Salle University
Lessandro Estelito O. Garciano, De La Salle University
Luis Felipe López, Base Bahay Foundation Inc.
There are limited published studies related to the mechanical properties of bamboo species in the Philippines. In this study, the shear strength properties of some economically viable bamboo species in the Philippines were properly characterized based on 220 shear test results. The rationales for selecting this mechanical property are the following: (1) Shear strength, parallel to the fiber, has the highest variability among the mechanical properties; and (2) Shear is one of the governing forces on joint connections, and such connections are the points of failure on bamboo structures when subjected to extreme loading conditions. ISO 22157-1 (2017) test protocol for shear was used for all tests. The results showed that Bambusa blumeana has the highest average shear strength, followed by Gigantochloa apus, Dendrocalamus asper, Bambusa philippinensis, and Bambusa vulgaris. However, comparative analysis, using One-way ANOVA, showed that shear strength values among these bamboo species have significant differences statistically. A linear regression model is also established to estimate the shear strength of bamboo from its physical properties. Characteristic shear strength is also determined using ISO 12122-1 (2014) for future design reference.